Gastric banding is a healthy alternative to the gastric bypass procedure. Although the procedure is proven to be safer, but there are some risks incurred with having gastric banding. There are some complications of weight loss surgery that may cause death for many individuals. However, many patients won’t experience any serious complications, if they have an experienced surgeon.
The possible risks of gastric banding should be discussed with the doctor before having the surgery. There are fewer risks incurred with the gastric banding surgery, because limits the size of the stomach but it does not change the intestinal tract or cause the malabsorption of nutrients. There are some common risks some major risks, and general risks that accompany patients that are overweight.
The common risks of the gastric banding procedure are nausea, vomiting, and gastroesophageal reflux. The gastric banding procedure does not cause “dumping syndrome,” which is a common complication of gastric bypass surgery. Half of all patients experience nausea and vomiting, and approximately one-third of the patients suffer gastroesophageal reflux. One-fourth of the patients will experience a slippage of the band, and one in seven patients will experience a blockage of the passage between the divided sections of the stomach. Some moderate to severe complications includes erosion of the band into the stomach and twisting or leaking of the access port. Patients may also experience the common complications of dysphagia (trouble swallowing), constipation and diarrhea.
Less than 1 percent of patients may experience other complications, such as gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), migration of the stomach above the diaphragm (hiatal hernia), inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), dehydration, chest pain, and infection. Death is the most serious risk to consider when having the gastric banding procedure. Few deaths have been reported since its introduction in 1994, and the death risk for the surgery is less than 1 percent. There has been no instance of death from the surgery reported in Australia, where 90 percent of all weight loss surgeries are gastric banding. There are also some general risks that come with having the gastric banding procedure, but these risks are most commonly associated with age, weight, reaction to anesthesia, and the presence of disease.
It is possible for 1 percent of patients to experience gastric perforation (a tear in the wall of the stomach) during the gastric banding procedure. A vast majority of the complications will occur following the gastric banding surgery. Many patients may experience some complication in the first weeks or months following the surgery. The complications following the surgery may not be serious, and usually range from mild to severe complications. Generally the gastric banding surgery carries less risks and complications than other forms of weight loss surgery. The risk of complications may increase if a patient has heart disease or diabetes, which is common with obesity. The possible complications should be discussed thoroughly with the doctor. Many patients may find that it is the safest weight loss procedure, and that the risks are not great enough to deter them from having the surgery.